ARNS (Automated Real-time Narrative Summaries)

ARNS is an innovative natural language generation system developed by CoGenTex for NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS), for use with their Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS).

PORTS is a product of NOS's Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS), which collects, analyzes and distributes historical and real-time observations and predictions of water levels, coastal currents and other meteorological and oceanographic data.

Below is a sample of a PORTS screen for San Francisco Bay:

The PORTS system currently displays its real-time data in graphical and tabular form. The tabular form can require lengthy inspection to retrieve the relevant details, particularly in a large PORTS locale with many sensors. ARNS complements the tabular display by providing automatically generated natural-language summaries of port conditions, in order to give users a more comprehensive overview of the data.

ARNS has been deployed publicly since 2008 (see, for example, current conditions for Houston/Galveston Bay).


    Bethem, Thomas; Burton, Janet; Caldwell, Ted; Evans, Mike; Kittredge, Richard; Lavoie, Benoit; and Werner, Jennifer (2005). Generation of Real-time Narrative Summaries for Real-time Water Levels and Meteorological Observations in PORTS®. In Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications to Environmental Sciences (AMS-2005), San Diego, California. [Acrobat, 84 Kb]

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